15mm English Civil War
Basic Baroque
What can I say.  I am weak.  

One of
my painting service's customers commissioned me to paint a whole heap of Peter Pig ECW figures
recently.  It's one of Peter Pig's ranges that I had little experience of.  However, one week into the commission,
after painting up the first half a dozen units and loving it, I was already toying with the idea of returning to the
English Civil War myself.  I even worked out which figure packs I would need WERE I to do it with
Basic Baroque,
the Basic Impetus expansion for the Baroque Age.  My gaming group has really embraced Impetus.  I must admit
to being too lazy to bother to learn yet another set of rules so decided that Basic Baroque was the way to  go.

This fascinating and colourful period has seen me collect, and then sell off, 25mm,  6mm, 15mm and 10mm
collections over the last thirty years.  Did I really want to jump with both feet yet  again?  Well,  as I say I am weak.

Why 15mm again?  I think the period is best  done justice by using the biggest figures logistically you can cope
with.  Well,  the Pig figures are really very nice and frankly I don't have the storage, nor table space, for 28mm.  
Piggies are clean,  crisp and characterful as I've come to expect from Martin and his crew.  There's plenty of
variety and, by mix and match and head swapping you can make some really unique looking units.
cracking on with it.  I usually start with Commanders first.
Despite a mental commitment in my head to use Peter Pig figures I stumbled across some nice figures by Freikorps 15 (QRF Miniatures).  
The sculpting style is slightly chunkier and the figures a smidgen bigger but this is barely noticeable at  wargamer distance.  I quite like
Commander figures looking slightly bigger,  and so put them on a 3mm thick base instead of the 2mm thick I typically use.  All my bases
are by

Royalist Commander-in-Chief

Charles Stuart ('That Man of Blood'), Prince Rupert and 'Boye', with Hopton and Royal Banner

(Figures by Freikorps 15)

OK confession time,  you can probably tell already, I have no great love for Charlie and the other ladyboys.  
I am most firmly in the Parliamentary camp, though probably more of
Henry Marten's ardent Republicanism than Cromwell's Godly

You can see just how detached and aloof the King,
Charles I is, even from his Nephew Prince Rupert Count Palatine of the Rhine.  
'Boye' was described as a rare 'Hunting Poodle' and I think the Freikorps one is a cracker.  

I tried to paint the King's horse in a manner similar to his famous portrait by
Anthony van Dyck,  you know, the one with the little head.

The figure on foot is actually sold as Parliamentarian General, the Earl of Essex.  He looks better as a guard for the Royal Banner.  

Note this is a banner and not THE Royal Standard, unfurled at Nottingham on August 22nd 1642.  
I used one available free from
Wargames Designs.

Parliamentarian Commander-in-Chief

These again are Freikorps and are the best poses, in my opinion, from the Scottish (PS37) and Parliamentarian (PS38) packs.   
I particularly like the chap in armour with the blue sash.  I think its supposed to be Fairfax.

You only actually require one commander per side for Basic Baroque, so for the moment that's it.
I still might yet decide to replace these with versions from Peter Pig, or even
Matchlock Miniatures (available from Caliver),or just make a
load more commanders.  We shall see but for the moment I have enough for the purpose required and just don't have the time to paint
others which are not essential.


After completing Generals and commanders my normal thing is to then set about the artillery.
Artillery is probably what I enjoy painting least,  so I try to get it out of the way.

Both of the early ECW Basic Baroque armies require only one artillery unit per side.
I will be using the recommended 12cm frontage for my units of foot and horse, and 4cm for artillery units.  

These artillery units both use Peter Pig's cannon sold as a 'Medium Gun'.  In Basic Baroque this is rated as Artillery A.
The actual gun isn't  stuck in place allowing it to be removed and replaced with lighter, or even heavier, models allowing a variety of
flexibility.   I will add more guns, crews, limbers and caissons when I have the luxury of time.

Heselrige's 'Lobsters'

Commanders and artillery completed, albeit for now, I then usually knock up a cavalry unit.

Arthur Heselrige formed a troop of horse in 1642 which fought under Balfour at the Battle of Edgehill.  

In 1643 he raised a brand new regiment of horse for service under
Sir William Waller, and equipped them as armoured Cuirassiers.
The regiment became known as
the 'Lobsters' and were to see action at Lansdowne Hill and Roundway Down.

Every ECW wargamer worth his salt loves his 'Lobsters' and this gamer is no exception.
The unit is actually an option on the Basic Baroque Parliamentary list for 1641-43, replacing a unit of pike and shot foot.  

The very nice Peter Pig pack comprises two poses, one figure wearing a
Close Helmet and the other a Savoyard style Close Helmet, and
both armed with pistols.

Fortunately, Pig also do a full range of heads suitable for the English Civil War.  
I chose primarily to use the Cavalry/Officer pack of heads which has
pot helmets, one with a raised visor, and also even a Burgonet.

I used these various heads along with a Burgonet-wearing figure from the Scottish Generals pack to provide greater variety.  
I also used a  great variety of armour colours, including blackened and browned armour on several figures, and picked out some of the
details in contrasting colours.

The commander is actually a fully armoured figure from the Mounted Generals pack.  
I cut away his baton and replaced it with the head which 'd I'd cut off and replaced on another figure.  
It looks like he's just removed his helmet .

The Cornet is a bog standard Cuirassier that has had his pistol removed, and hand opened, to accept a stave.

The flag is the correct one for the unit free again from Wargames Designs.

The figures are rated as 'Trotters' in Basic Baroque, and based in fives, three bases to the unit, a total of fifteen figures.

With each base being 4cm frontage and 6cm deep, fifteen figures is the absolute minimum to make the unit look right in my opinion.  
Originally I had planned on only using  twelve figures, but when based as such it just didn't look right, and so I painted another three

I so enjoyed painting and doing head swaps on my Cuirassiers that I plan on adding a few to my other units of  horse,  plus maybe some
as Generals.

Royalist Dragoons

Another non-compulsory unit which I decided to paint were Royalist Dragoons.  
In the early war Royalist list the artillery can be replaced by a unit of dragoons.  

Again regulars will know just how much I love painting both mounted and light troops.  A unit which has both is going to tick all  the boxes
for me....and so it was.

So much to say about this unit.  
So, lets start with the basing as that largely set the agenda for  how the unit was to look.  Three bases with 4cm frontage and 8cm depth
means that the 'footprint' on the table is quite a big one.  I determined therefore to have a line of newly dismounted dragoons hastily
attempting to  form a firing line.  Others are rushing to join this line, whilst the dismounted Officer waves his sword defiantly.

The dismounted dragoons come from the pack labelled so but also from the Muskets Advancing pack,  though I shortened their muskets
into 'bastard' versions.

As Peter Pig don't make dragoon horseholders I decided to use a casualty figure as one horseholder (in red), who has just been shot.  
The remaining horseholder is actually an open handed, pike vertical, figure.  The riderless horses actually come from the AWI dragoon
horse holder pack.

Of the two mounted dragoons, one figure has had his head removed and replaced by a head wearing a Montero cap.  Both come from the
mounted dragoon pack.

The mounted cornet comes from the cavalry command+hat pack, with the flag from Wargames Designs, and the mounted trumpeter, also
wearing a Montero, finish the unit.

I decided to give the unit a mix of red, blue and grey tunics, perhaps the commonest colours, rather than a uniform look.

I have to  say I'm really chuffed how well the unit turned out.  

Parliamentarian dragoons will follow eventually but for now I'm resolved to only paint early war armies and the list for Basic Baroque only
includes them in late war armies.  Sadly they will have to wait.

Royalist Foot - Lord General's Regiment

The Basic Baroque Early ECW lists allow for three units (or four units in the case of Cornish Royalist) of pike and shot.

OK lets consider the base size first.  Three bases each 4cm frontage, with 4cm depth constitute the unit 'footprint'.  Again, I want as many
figures as possible in there to create a good aesthetic on the table.

Early Royalist foot in the Basic Baroque list rates as 1:1 ratio of pikes to shot.  
I wanted the flanking wings of shot to be eight figures in two ranks of four.  This meant having 16 figures armed with pikes therefore.

Peter Pig make figures in horizontal, vertical and also receiving horse (pike at 45 degrees) poses.  
I determined therefore to use half a pack of each in my early war Royalists to a  total of twelve figures, along with a drummer, Officer and

So a whopping 31 figures in total,  per unit.

The Lord General's unit are mostly uniformed in red, though I included a couple of figures in grey/brown as new recruits in civilian or
undyed clothing.

As you can see I decided to go with two flags per unit.  This is directly as a result of Wargames Designs having two free examples for
downloading and turned another open handed pikeman into an Ensign.

The flags are actually removable however, so I can chop and change unit identities to indulge my whims.

The figures are a real mix with casualty figures included too, as I like the story-telling aspect of Impetus style basing.
As this was the first foot unit I've painted, I wanted to go with figures unaltered by headswaps.

This being an early war unit there is a preponderance of musket rests.  My later war units will be 'rest-less'.

I also decided to have red flower tufts on my Royalist bases, and yellow on my Parliamentarians from this point onward.

Royalist Foot - Charles Gerrard's Regiment

Generalising, both the Royalist and Parliamentarian armies of the English Civil War seem to have red or blue, along with perhaps grey, as
their 'known' default coat colours.  There are plenty of exceptions with white, green, yellow, black, orange, possibly purple and other
coloured coats, along with civilian dress too.  

Many regiments are simply not known however.  

Wargames Designs provides a useful start point in the form of a list of 'likely' coat colours for the ECW.

There is also a fair amount of evidence that regiments may have changed their predominant coat colour from year to year,  as it wore out
and was replaced either by re-issue or loot.   In all likelihood it is probably fair to say that soldiers in ECW regiments wore a mix of coat
colours.   Notice I'm talking of coat colours.  From what I've read breeches were usually civilian, and therefore a total mix.  
Very few of my figures have the same coat and breeches colour.

So,  with a red coated regiment under my belt the next Royalist foot unit was destined to be a blue coated regiment.  

I chose
Charles Gerrard's regiment simply because I have always liked the unusual flag, quartered blue and yellow with various symbols.   
I have since been reliably informed however that the sections rendered as yellow might be interpreted as orange/russet.

Anyhow, I also wanted another early war unit, and I know the regiment was at

Again as with the Lord General's Regiment there are several figures wearing varying shades of grey in the mix too.  It is well known that I
have a preference for painting a variety of clothing colours in my units (
look at my AWI collection for example).  ECW again allows me to
scratch this itch.

I should mention that when re-sizing the flags I made them slightly bigger scale-wise than the their 6 foot, or thereabouts, actuality.  What
can I say, I like big attractive flags in my units.  However, their poles are realistically short.  No flags on pikes in my units folks.  
Again I'll reiterate that my flags removable so the unit identity can be changed.  

My original plan was to place one ensign on each base of the unit.  However, a bit of reading and research revealed that the regiment's
flags were grouped together with the pikes of each Company in  the centre.

Several people have asked me to expand about the exact mix of figures in my regiments, and their placement within the unit.  
For Basic Baroque the number and type of figures isn't as important as the unit 'footprint'.  

That said,  as I mentioned above, I'm using a 12cm frontage, 4cm depth and trying to go for a 'figure-heavy' look.  

Typically planned then, my early Royalist units are 1:1 pike to shot ratio and consist of an Officer, a drummer, two ensigns, two sergeants,
three casualties, five firing musketeers, six loading musketeers,  four pikemen 'receiving horse', four pikemen 'charging pike', two pikemen
at rest.

The Officer and drummer are at the rear, as the unit is clearly in aggressive 'fighting' posture.  
The casualties are usually musketeers in the front rank with the sergeants taking post on the flank of the rear rank of musketeers.

One of my plans for later Royalists is to replace the central pike base with one with fewer pikes, typically eight,  instead of twelve, thereby
allowing a 2:1 shot/pike ratio.  This will also be the basis for all Parliamentarian units throughout the war.  Where this is the case the Officer
and drummer will be out front of the regiment.

This will be useful in identifying on the table top which units are 1:1 and which are 2:1 ratio of shot/pike.

This also means I don't have to paint up more Royalist units for late war.  Also I can make a couple of centre base of further
musketeer/command figures as 'Commanded', all shot, units (T units in Basic Baroque).

By sticking to the red/blue/grey uniform colours,  particularly so for the Royalists, unit bases are more interchangeable.

I already 'know' though that my Parliamentarian foot  will have a yellow coated (Waller's) and green coated (Hampden's  or Samuel
Jones's) regiment respectively, though the majority will be redcoats.

Further things to note. The Officer sports a red uniform.  I read somewhere this was a universally understood mark of a professional
soldier.  The drummer has a Montero Cap head swap.  The extra ensign, and one of the sergeants, are open handed pikemen, sold by Pig
with a flag and polearm added from my bits box.  

The more observant will also notice the odd figure wearing a Scotch bonnet/'Tam-o-shanter'.  I discovered  that this type of headgear    
might have been particularly common amongst northern foot regiments, and fairly widespread generally.  
This allows for even more variety amongst the foot figures.  Variety  =  Happiness.

I might also add that the
Sealed Knot and English Civil War Society are fantastic for all manner of ECW stuff.  The images on the internet
are a fantastic resource and, though there are some weird interpretations and assumptions, they provide as good a start point as any for
those wishing to delve into the period.  Don't just rely on one source for anything though cross check where possible.

I also picked up a useful inexpensive copy of 'The English Civil War  Recreated in Photographs' by Chris Honeywell and Gill Spear, which
has loads of lovely pics of reenactors.  I shall return to look at the books I've used at a later date.

Earl of Carnavon's Royalist Horse

In Basic Baroque ECW the various regiments of horse are treated as either 'Gallopers', 'Trotters' and 'Reiters'.
Early Royalist cavalry generally seem to have charged (galloped) primarily with sword, reserving their pistols and carbines for protracted
Cavalry tactics are by no means as simple as army lists and rules will have you believe however.

I shall tinker with the army lists and return to this subject at a later stage.

I decided above that my Gallopers and Trotters units would have 15 figures, or 5 per base.  
I wanted the unit to look like it was actually in the process of fighting,  so no boot to boot parade manoeuvres and horses lined up in a
dead straight line.

So,  my first Royalist horse unit consists of a mix of figures from all the available Peter Pig mounted packs.  

Gone are the days, a generation ago now, where my Royalists all had hats and my Parliamentarians Pot helmets.  Both sides seem to have
had very similar equipment,  or lack thereof.

I even added a couple of mounted dragoons with their 'Apostles' removed,  as poorly armoured and equipped troopers in the rear, but if
you look closely there is also a Cuirassier even.

I'm trying to get at least one Cuirassier in all my early war cavalry units as its a thin excuse to paint more of them.

As with my first foot unit there are no headswaps, yet.  
I like to make the first units 'as manufactured'.  This helps me evaluate where the task of swapping a head would be appropriate and easy
with subsequent units.

The unit has deep red sashes.  In the old days of my ECW gaming all Royalists had red sashes and Parliamentarians Orange-Tawney.

Now we know that red found favour with both sides, along with blue, so ignoring the red Royalist hatbands, at a push this unit could
actually represent either side.

I decided to have both Gallopers and Trotters units with the same number of figures allowing a unit to be as flexible as possible.

The unit carries the freely available
Wargames Designs cornet of the Earl of Carnavon, who was killed at the First Battle of Newbury in 1643.
This is oversize as I like decent sized flags but is removable again to make it even easier to use for both sides.

Royalist Foot - King's Lifeguard

My third Royalist foot regiment was destined to be the King's Lifeguard.  
Let's face it every ECW gamer who has Royalists has it as a unit doesn't  he?  

I'm no lover of the ladyboys, and their King, but being born and bred in Lincolnshire, the attraction of this unit, which drew much of its early
members from that County, along with Derbyshire and Cheshire, was too much for me to ignore.

Not only that, it has some lovely flags too.  

No brainer for me really.

Despite its illusion of grandeur, the King's Lifeguard was actually a standard infantry regiment, though was somewhat unusual in that it
was always above average in size.

The King's Lifeguard wore red coats, and was one of the few regiments to be issued with breeches, in this case the same colour as the

The majority of the figures in my unit do indeed wear matching coat and breeches, though there are plenty wearing 'Sadd colours'; grey,
brown and dull green.

There are again a couple of  figures who wear grey coats and the Officer wears expensive black clothing.

Timmo has politely explained an error in my first two foot regiments.  Well, I did ask.
I had mixed the 'Charge your pike' (i.e. Vs Infantry) with 'Receive Horse' (Vs Horse) poses in the same unit.

I think it looks nice, and it is a minor niggle, but I will eventually have to rebase.  

With the King's Lifeguard I kept it to 'Receive Horse' for the first  two ranks.  

As Peter Pig only do three poses I decided to do several headswaps in the name of variety and aesthetics.  
I replaced some of the helmeted heads with Montero, Monmouth, Burgonet and Scotch bonnets.  There are also a  couple of figures from
the Scottish Lowland Musketeer pack.  

Scotch bonnets were fairly commonplace in all armies and were not exclusively Scottish.

I also added a pikemen keeling over in the third rank, from the PP casualty pack, headswapped him for a Montero and gave him a pike.
One of the Sergeants (extreme left, rear rank above) also had his Montmouth cap replaced for a Montero.  

Finally the Officer was given a Pot helmet with lovely raised visor from the Officer/Cavalry head pack.

Royalist Commander

Wargames Designs free ECW flags are so nice, plus they have six different company standards available for the King's Lifeguard.

It seemed rude, and ungrateful not to find some reason to use two more or them.  
I decided to do a Royalist foot commander base.

Accompanied by his faithful beagle, colour bearers from the Lt Colonel and First Captain's companies of the Lifeguard, an Officer on foot
(with a headswap), two sergeants and a drummer, our brave commander leads on the ladyboys.

Royalist Generals

One the fun things to do is to knock up a few more Generals when the mood takes me.

For Basic Baroque my Generals are merely markers placed next to the unit which has a General as an integral part of it.
According to the army lists only mounted units can have a General.  

I decided to make my Generals therefore a mounted General accompanied by a cornet and a trumpeter.

Left to right a generic General,
Sir Arthur Aston, Sir John, Lord Byron and Sir Jacob Astley.

I included Astley dismounted as he was the King's commander of the Royalist Foot, and as I plan to expand BB to a larger size so there will
be need for occasionally Generals on foot.  The standard bearer accompanying him is from his own regiment of foot, incidentally.

There are several head swaps to create more variety within Peter Pig's ranges.

Parliamentarian Generals

Enough with the 'Ladyboys' where are God's Elect?

Having knocked up some nasty Royalist Generals it was only wise and rightful to turn to the good guys, the righteous.

Left to right
Sir Arthur Hesilrige, accompanied by a Lobster Cornet, and resplendent in Cuirassier armourr, Sir William Balfour, with orange
cornet of Essex horse,
Philip Skippon on foot and Oliver Cromwell.

Heselrigge and his chaps possibly used yellow sashes. Yellow was fairly certainly the colour of Sir William Waller who lead the Southern
Association, of which Heselrigge's Lobsters and Regt of Foote were part of.

Skippon was Essex's, and later the New Model Army's Major General of Foot hence he is portrayed having dismounted and is
accompanied by a standard bearer from his own foot regiment.

Cromwell is a bit of a hero of mine just for the sheer balls of the man.

Cromwell wears an orange sash of the Eastern Association but is accompanied by his white cornet which resides in the
Museum, Huntingdon.  

I toyed with the idea of giving him a white sash instead as there is a portrait with him with a silvery-white one, which may link into his
Cornet's colour.

All flags are free by Wargames Desgins by the way.

Royalist Cavalry

Ok here's a group shot of my 90-strong Royalist cavalry.  This is exactly half of what I own.  The rest are unpainted as yet.

In Basic Baroque I'm using 6cm depth and 12cm frontage for each unit of fifteen 'Galloper' or 'Trotter 'cavalry.
Each unit gets a Cornet and trumpeter and a mix of figures from all the mounted packs that Peter Pig manufacturer.

There are at least 50% of figures with a headswap in each unit however which really helps create a unit identity and provides lots of variety.
There is no uniform as such with a mix of just about everything including five different shades of buff coats, and holsters, with three
shades of armour and eight horse colours.

Those of you who know their stuff will identify, (and for those who like to know), the regiments of horse being (from front to rear, L to R,)
Lord Molyneux's, Colonel Charles Gerrard's, Prince Maurice's, Sir George Vaughan's, Prince Rupert's, and Lord Carnavon's.

Whilst most of the regiments wear red sashes, synonymous with King supporters (though not exclusively) Vaughan's wear blue.  
This ties in nicely with their blue cornet, but also allows a quick change of identity and allegiance.  This is helped by the fact that all
flags/cornets are removable.

Parliamentarian 'Trotters'

Parliamentarian cavalry in BB are rated as either Reiters (Pistoleers) RE-CP or Trotters TR-CP.

The lead regiment carries the orange cornet of the
Earl of Essex and is notable for several figures wearing cuirassier armour.
Essex's Lifeguard being another troop known for being well armed and equipped.  Again there are many headswaps for lots of variety and
character and orange sashes.

The second regiment carries the cornet of
Sir Walter Sydenham.  
This unit sports blue sashes to allow them to be fielded as Royalists with a quick change of cornet.

Parliamentarian Reiters/Pistoleers

I really don't like 17th Century English Civil War early Parliamentarian cavalry being called Reiters.  So, I'm going to call them Pistoleers.
For one reason, I see
Reiter as a Sixteenth Century term synonymous with the Caracole manoeuvre.  

I haven't seen anything to suggest Parliamentarian cavalry performed such manoeuvring.

However, in Basic Baroque their combat values and attributes place them firmly within the same category of battlefield use, utilising point
blank fire.

My Pistoleers are 18 figures strong and use an 8cm unit depth, making them slightly more vulnerable to being hit in flank, which feels right.

Again lots of headswaps, mix of horses, poses and equipment makes Kev a happy boy.

Units are Horatio Cary's and
Nathanial Fiennes's regiments with orange sashes.

Cary (scumbag) soon deserted to the Royalists and
Fiennes fought at Powick Bridge so I thought they'd be good for early war units.  

The third unit carries the red cornet of Cheshire's Captain Booth (Its such an interesting design, I had to use it) and mustard yellow sashes
(just to be different).

Royalist Cornish Pike or Parliamentarian Militia

The following figures were almost all painted in October and November 2013.  I've only just got round to adding them to the site.

Destined to be aggressive Royalist Cornish pikemen, I decided to go with offensive posture and 'charged' pikes.  
There is no evidence that the early Cornish were ever uniformed.   
As the unit can also be Parliamentarian Militia for the New Model Army having them in civilian/mixed garb is more appropriate.  

There is actually a brief mention of blue 'streamers' (whatever they were) for the Cornish.  
A Sealed Knot unit has gone for striped blue/white pike staves, which I think is unlikely, though colourful.  

I decided to give them blue hat bands, garters and sashes and blue flags to match.  

As they could also be Parliamentarian Militia I went for generic blue flags without company devices, which broadens the options.

Royalist Foot - Pennyman's Regiment

My second Royalist bluecoated regiment.  I really like the look of bluecoats.
There is the odd figure or two in civilian garb but most of the regiment are in blue tunics with red hatbands, garters and Officer sashes.

I chose Pennyman's as the unit identity largely because the flags are a lovely shade of green and none of my regiments have 'piles wavy'
as Company device.

The Wargames Design flag has yellow piles wavy though I've seen Pennyman's as having red piles wavy too.

Again lots of head swaps so that each figure is different.

Royalist Foot - Lord Percy's Regiment

Well, by now you must have realised that I'm not sticking to a particular Royalist force but going for flags which look nice (flag tart) or
uniform colours that appeal to me (complete and utter tart)

There is definitely a case for default Royalist foot being in red, blue or grey/white tunics

Well not having any whitecoats yet, I thought why not?  Lord Percy's chaps wore white coats and carried white flags.  

Lots of head swaps for Montero or Monmouth caps.
There's quite a few figures with Scotch bonnets, often a northern thing (tha' knows), and not necessarily a Scottish thing.

Royalist Foot - Commanded Shot

Later in the war the Royalists in particular fielded several all musket foot units.

Correct me if I'm wrong, (and you will) but from memory Henry Bard's, the King's Lifeguard and Prince Rupert's regiment fielded all
musketeers on occasion.

At other times musketeers were removed from various companies of different regiments and brigaded in the field as 'Commanded Shot'

The benefit of the basing scheme I chose to use pays dividends when the pike element of the King's Lifeguard is replaced by a musketeer
command base.

Suddenly the King's Lifeguard pike and muskets are Commanded Shot.

In Basic Baroque such units are rated as T units.  Lacking an Impetus factor they are not allowed to initiate melee.

However they lack a negative musket modifier when firing, so on paper shoot better than Pike and Musket foot.  
In woods, though disordered and moving at half speed, T units don't suffer a -2 penalty for being contacted, making them quite useful.

Parliamentarian Dragoons

Same composition idea as with their Royalist counterparts - a hasty firing line with horse holders and mounted dragoons, on 8cm depth.

Figures are mostly from musket advancing and dismounted dragoon packs.  Note the mounted trumpeter.  
Dragoons probably didn't have trumpeters as they were really mounted infantry, but I like them.  

I went for mostly orange coated figures as they are quite unusual and orange is a challenging colour to work with.  I'm quite pleased how
they turned out, though the pics don't do them justice really.

I chose a green cornet and included a figure with green breeches and another with green tunic to tie the unit in visually.  
I have a redcoated unit of Parliamentarian dragoons planned for later.

Dragoons are incredibly important as they are the only real source of effective light troops in the English Civil War.  
Small numbers of light troops can have a disproportionate effect if the enemy has none available.

Dragoons are very useful for occupying terrain, protecting open flanks and countering enemy counterparts.

In Impetus they move slower, but are not disordered by difficult going.  
In addition they can make oblique and sideways movement without becoming disordered.

With an Impetus factor of 1 they can on occasion make a charge, though their low combat value makes them vulnerable.

However, the fact that they are only worth 1 VP makes players use them more riskily, and with a certain degree of flair, as loss of them
affects breakpoints less than other more valuable types.

The Earl of Essex

Finished my last two Parliamentarian command bases recently, one destined to be Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex.  
Well loved by his men, if not his peers, Essex commanded Parliamentarian forces with a fair amount of dignity.  
He was often found close to his infantry and had considerable experience of fighting on the continent.  

Whilst not victorious, he managed to avoid defeat at the battles of Edgehill, and first and second Newbury, before the disastrous
Lostwithiel campaign of 1644 which resulted in his forces finally surrendering, and his flight in a fishing boat.

I decided to depict him accompanying members of his own regiment of orange-coated foot along with a faithful hound.

In Basic Baroque, ECW commanders are usually found as accompanying mounted units.  
However, with larger affairs in which we might fight with twenty units, I can envisage perhaps a third commander on foot coming in useful.

All the figures have head swaps except Essex himself who comes from the mounted Generals pack.  
The Wolfhound incidentally is by Splintered Light Miniatures and comes from their
Scots-Irish range.

Vignette Time.  

One of the more enjoyable aspects of my gaming is creating pieces which serve no other purpose than adding a little flavour to the
display.  These often lighten a very heavy week of work with a brush in my hand painting for others.

Originally I was going to do a cart to go with my Lord of Essex.  

At Edgehill, I think, he was accompanied in the field by his own coffin on a cart, just in case.
However, I wanted to get the use a lovely
Matchlock Miniatures Preacher (available from Caliver Books).

The respectful Officer with Partisan is also by Matchlock Miniatures.  When I saw the casting it looked to me like he'd taken off his hat and
gave me an idea. Notice he's wearing an eye-patch and that his breeches are patched too.

The civilian chap accompanying the cart has removed his cap, and wears an orange sash of sorts which ties in with the Preacher's and
Officer's hatband and sash.  Clearly these are Godly folk.

The civilian is from Peter Pig's AWI range which includes a
'Happy Workers' pack and the cart is of course from Museum Miniatures lovely
range [being WG01 wood sided wagon with spoked wheels].

OK another period piece, and an excuse to use the Preacher and civilian again.

This little execution scene features a Hallmark Gallows and victim (from
Magister Militum).

Call me macabre, but I always think a nice hill or crossroads looks good with a Gallows close by.

Whilst Matchlock Miniatures are a bit more 'well-fed' than Peter Pig, and I wouldn't mix them personally in my units, on a vignette like the
two I've shown they compliment each other and there are some gems in their ranges, if you're prepared to look and be creative.

Parliamentarian Horse - Earl of Stamford's Regiment

This is my fourth, and last, unit of early Parliamentarian cavalry, classed in Basic Baroque as 'Reiters' and mounted on an 8cm deep base.  
From now on its Trotter units all the way.  Five of them, each 15 figures apiece.

I decided to use a nice striped Wargames Designs flag carrying a 'For Religion, King & Country, Ama Puissance'  motto (‘To the best of my
strength’) as the Earl of Stamford's horse.  

I have no striped flags in any other unit, (and I'm a flag tart right?)

The Earl commanded at the disastrous
Battle of Stratton early in the war, and was accused of cowardice after he subsequently
surrendered Exeter.

As Reiter units are early war I thought, well why not?

The blue theme of the cornet is carried over to the trumpeter's livery and also on the blue hat bands and sashes.
There are multiple head swaps for lots of variety and whilst the front rank is well equipped the rear rank is much less so.  

Generally, in keeping with them being firearm tactic horse, I went for poses liberally waving around, or firing pistols.
Two weeks into the commission I succumbed.  I put in a hefty order in to collect at SELWG 2013.  [SIGH] Here we go again.  

So, it is decided the new project for 2013/14 at Wally HQ will be the English Civil War.  I shall chart my progress and thoughts through this
project below.  This project has to play second fiddle to my painting service customers however.  This means units will get painted in between
various commissions, when I have the opportunity.  I'm hoping to possibly manage a unit per week for myself  on top of my work
commitments.   Customers get priority so new additions will be spasmodic.

Compared to fifteen years ago when I was working on the period in 10mm, the widespread availability of the internet has made a huge
difference.  Its very easy to tap most queries in to a search engine and get a 'best fit' for practically anything ECW, that's if the correct

More Parliamentarian Generals

I finally got round to finishing off my Parliamentarian Generals with the addition of Sir William Waller.  
I've always been a bit of a fan of Waller's, and living close to the
Battle of Cheriton, I guess it was a given that he would find his way into
my forces eventually.  

Whilst by no means the best Parliamentarian commander he was described as "the best shifter and chooser of ground", and in that I like
to think we have something in common.

To say he didn't exactly see eye to eye with my Lord of Essex is a bit of an understatement.  The two men really didn't get on at all.

The only thing stopping me from having Waller originally was finding a suitable flag for him in 15mm.  

I really wanted him to be accompanied by his well known yellow cornet, bearing a Walnut tree, hung with a blue shield, and bearing the
family motto "Fructus Virtutis" ('Fruit of Valour').

I eventually discovered that
Maverick Models made one, though it is listed incorrectly under the listing for Royalists.
One of the best things about Stuart at Maverick is that as part of the service you get an email asking if you need it resizing.  

Well, I like my standards, and particularly cornets, to be slightly over scale.

The flags are bright and accurate, and the service from Stuart is quite simply fantastic.  I can't recommend him highly enough.

My Peter Pig Waller is in cuirassier armour, accompanied by his trumpeter and Cornet, and wearing a yellow sash.  
All contemporary depictions of most ECW Generals tend to show them in cuirassier armour largely as a device for illustrating their martial
qualities, rank and breeding.  In reality, in all likelihood, cuirassier armour was probably not worn, though there are some notable
examples of it actually being used by commanders of wealth.

Whilst I was ordering Waller's cornet I noticed he had a
personal standard for Oliver Cromwell in his listings.

This is a rounded cornet, black with a white lion clutching a quill, and a scroll.

As all my standards are made to be removable I simply removed Old Noll's white cornet and replaced with the new one.


Parliamentarian Foot - Sir William Waller's Regiment

OK, thus far I've dealt mostly with showing the bad guys, the lady boy Royalists.  
Now I must turn my attention to the Righteous forces of the Godly.  These figures were all painted before Xmas 2013 but I've only just got
round to adding them to the site.

Very few wargamers seem to hold any affinity towards the Parliamentarians these days.  Everyone seems a Royalist.
I've always been a bit of a fan of the remarkable but flawed Oliver Cromwell.  I look at it as a guilty pleasure.  

Parliamentarian armies, particularly early ones, can seem a little boring lacking the glamour of the galloping cavaliers, and the toughness
of Cornish pikemen.

However, they are far more interesting and a real challenge to play, and win, with on the wargames table.  
Early Parliamentarian cavalry is usually a very poor second to the Royalists but the infantry can more than hold their own.

Basic Baroque is like many rule sets in that the recommended proportion of shot to pike is increased from 1:1 to 2:1 with the
Parliamentarian foot.  In the Earl of Essex's later armies the proportion was often as high as 5:1, though with the remodelling of the
Parliamentary armies the ratio fell back down to 2:1 or 3:1

What this means in practical terms is that my Parliamentarian foot regiments can fight through the entire period unchanged.  
With the Royalists I plan on re-doing the pike elements of my existing early regiments by reducing the number of pike armed figures.

This tends to mean that Roundhead foot fight better by utilising their musketry, using pikes to defend against cavalry, then trying to close
with the disordered and demoralised enemy foot once it has been sufficiently weakened.

My first Parliamentarian foot regiment is that of
William Waller's regiment.  

From what I can tell it seems to have been a yellow coated regiment, though references to Waller's yellowcoats could refer to Potley's
regiment instead.

The free flag from Wargames Designs is also yellow with black circular roundels as Company distinctions.  
I am less certain about the accuracy of this flag as I'm sure I've seen various references to blue flags too.  When the regiment became
Hardress Waller's of the New Model Army it carried black colours.  Again its a case of your figures, you decide.

Yellow was a colour associated with Sir William so his men wear yellow hat bands and garters, whilst the Officers and sergeants wear
yellow sashes.   The actual uniform colour is more of a mustard than bright yellow, which I think looks probably more historical and makes
the bright yellow hat bands stand out more.

By now I am becoming familiar with the different poses in each pack, and what you can, and can't do, with various head swaps of Peter
Pig figures.  All the following units really benefit from this knowledge.  In most cases there are more head swaps in a unit than figures
straight out of the pack.  Ok its a little more work and hassle, but I do think aesthetically it really benefits from the process and you can
create a real character with a unit.  It also makes it easier to paint them.

Waller's has sixteen musketeers, with eight pikemen, and three additional command figures, a total of 27 figures.

As the pikemen are in poses standing with pikes vertical I decided to stick the command element out front.  
I also added a small bible made out of card to a Sergeant and had him stand as if he is encouraging the men to do the Lord's bloody work.

Parliamentarian Foot - Generic Regiment

My next offering is a generic Parliamentarian Regiment, though as the figures wear blue hat bands, garters and sashes it could even stand
in as a late war Royalist one.  The flags chosen have no company devices, being the Colonel and Lieut. Colonel's colours, and are of a
similar shade to the hatbands and sashes, providing some continuity of colour.

There is no uniform whatsoever with the unit and it could easily stand in for a militia unit or even
Blue Auxiliaries, London Trained bands,
which were un-uniformed.

Again there are many head swaps, with figures coming from many different packs to create variety.  
In the name of being a bit different and adding character, the Officer on foot, in an old fashioned
Burgonet helmet, is accompanied by his
faithful hound, which incidentally is by Splintered Light.

Parliamentarian Foot - Sir John Merrick's Regiment

Sir John Merrick's Regiment fought at the battles of Edgehill and Stratton, with detachments at the battles of Lansdowne Hill and
Roundway Down respectively.  It was disbanded and its men transferred to the Earl of Stamford's regiment in late 1643.

I wanted a greycoat regiment with my Parliamentarians as the colour was a common coat colour with both armies.   
There are several shades of grey and a couple of figures is civvies too.  

To allow a degree of flexibility the figures wear blue hat bands, garters and sashes, allowing them to take the field as late war Royalists if
so required.

The white colours go particularly well with the greycoats but the Officer wears a green set of clothes which makes him stand out
wonderfully with all that the greyness.  

The more observant amongst you will notice that this Officer is also waving a bible, though he must be pretty strong as it looks very large
and heavy.  No doubt it was liberated from some Papist idolatrous church nearby.  

Another point of interest is the standard bearer who has just been hit and is in the act of dropping his colour.

Figures from lots of different packs to make this unit and numerous head swaps.

Parliamentarian Foot - Lord Robartes's Regiment

Red was often a particularly common coat colour for English Civil War soldiers, particularly for those fighting for Parliament it seems.
Lord Robartes regiment of redcoats saw action under the Earl of Essex at the battles of Edgehill and first Newbury before surrendering at
Lostwithiel in 1644.

There is a chance that they may have actually been re-issued greycoats at some point too.

Lots of head swaps again, mostly for Monmouth caps which were prevalent with Parliamentary forces.  
I really like the drummer who has a Montero head swapped.  The fine chestnut mounted commander has a head swap too.  
I know its unusual to see a mounted commander perhaps with a pike and shot unit but as the unit is standing I decided that perhaps the
Colonel is encouraging his men ever onward.  Notice too the front rank pikemen with a Monmouth cap pitching forward after being hit,
dropping his pike.

Another point of interest.  Look at the Burgonet wearing Sergeant with polearm (extreme right, rear rank) instructing a less than
enthusiastic musketeer in a Monmouth cap to fill the gap left by a fallen comrade.  

I went with an orangy-yellow sash on these which looks nice with the yellow star company devices on the flags.

Parliamentarian Foot - Colonel Samuel Jones's Regiment

Another of the infantry regiments which saw much service under Waller.  Colonel Jones's regiment were present at Basing House,
Cheriton, Alton Church, Arundel, Cropredy Bridge and Second Newbury.

Jones's regiment were know as the 'Farnham Greencoats'

The green turned out really nicely with Vallejo Luftwaffe Camo Green with US Uniform Green highlight.  Several of the men wear 'sadde'
clothes of brown and grey.  Notice too the Puritan preacher waving his open bible enthusiastically.  This is actually a Government Officer
figure from Peter Pig's pirate range, with a head swap of course.  I love a good preacher man.   

I really like the white flags with red diamond company motifs.  Really unusual and distinctive, though to be fair we don't actually know
what company devices were used for the regiment.

The blue uniform of the Officer and white flags really contrasts with the green-ness.  
Sashes, hatbands and garters are all yellow-orange, Waller's colour.

Parliamentarian Foot - Sir Arthur Heselrigge's Regiment

Ok we're getting a pattern here.  Another regiment that served with William Waller's South-Western Association.

Bluecoats led by a mounted General Officer.  Lots of head swaps again.
My blue regiments seem to turn out particularly nicely.  Orangey-yellow sashes again, Waller's colour.

I really like the foot Officer who has turned to encourage the men and the mounted Colonel who is waving his hat.
The regiment carries blue colours with white stars company devices.  The flags though are a darker blue than the coat colour which looks
really nice on the table.

Parliamentarian Foot - Sir Philip Skippon's Regiment

My second regiment of Parliamentary redcoats, the front rank pikemen are in 'Receive Horse' pose with the second rank in 'Order, your
pike'.  As the unit is clearly in a fighting pose the Officer and drummer are to the rear, and there is no mounted commander.

Skippon's regiment fought with the Earl of Essex's forces and so sport the orange hatbands, garters and sashes of their

I went for green flags with yellow circular company devices.  There is some debate as to the exact colour of the standards and the nature
of the company devices too.  I didn't have any green flags in my Parliamentarian forces so green it was.

In April 1645 Skippon's regiment was one of the original foot units of the New Model Army.

Parliamentarian Foot - The Yellow Auxiliaries, London Trained Band

This regiment actually saw limited action but was chosen simply because I loved the unusual yellow flags with straight blue piles as
company devices.  

As they're all in 'Order Your Pike' or 'Rest Your Pike' pose the command element is out front to encourage the men.  

The Auxiliary regiments of the LTB were composed from men of the lowest social ranks, and were known to have many Apprentices in the
ranks.  These were often the most reactive and militant of Parliamentary supporters and of extreme Puritan disposition.  

The London Trained Bands weren't uniformed as such so sport a variety of coat colours.  Some sources suggest that sleeveless
buffcoats were in great use amongst the London Trained Bands.  However these were items of wealth and as the Auxiliary regiments were
generally recruited from the poorest classes I decided to paint them as tunics.

I decided to add a couple of bareheaded figures with close cropped hair (Roundheads indeed me'thinks).  
The mounted Colonel clutching a bible is no doubt encouraging his men.  

The pikeman in green is my attempt at a smiling man in 15mm.  Religion will do that to a man if you're not careful.

I like to think the foot Officer is the ECW equivalent of ACW Lewis Armistead at Gettysburg.  He has placed his high crowned hat on his
sword and is waving it whilst singing psalms, illustrating that he hath no fear and is clearly one of Calvin's elect.

The hat band on his hat being green also identifies him as of a
Leveller and ultra-militant persuasion.  

Don't mess with this unit, Ladyboys.

On the whole, apart from the mounted Colonel, who wears the sash colour of the Earl of Essex, the various sashes, hat bands and garters
are blue to tie in with the blue company indicator and the flag.

Parliamentarian Foot - Commanded Shot

Not new units at such but more options.

What you get if you replace the pike element of two existing units with more musketeers and command figures;
the option to field as Commanded Shot.

Take Lord Robartes musketeer elements, for example.  Replace the pikes with more musketeers and command.  Suddenly the red coats
and red flag, with black stars as company devices, identify them as
Colonel Ralph Weldon's redcoats.

Weldon's regiment was one of the regiments later which formed the New Model Army.  

I may actually paint this regiment in its entirety as I have the figures for a further three Parliamentarian units, all of which may be redcoats
for when my New Model takes the field.

Parliamentary Cavalry with Interspersed Shot

By mid-war both sides cavalry units could occasionally be fielded supported by interspersed companies of shot.  
Basic Baroque calls these unit Horse and Musket Heavy Cavalry (H&M-CP).

One of the suggestions aesthetically is to place a skirmish of shot as a rear rank to an existing unit of Trotters.

However, I decided to remove the central base of horse and replace it with a similar sized base but with five shot figures instead.
Again not exactly 'new' per se but another option and benefit of flexible basing schemes that I've adopted.

Its a good way of fleshing out cavalry two as two units of Trotters can make three units of Horse and Musket and I think it looks better on
the tabletop.

The theory was that the musketeers could 'shoot in' the horse.  
For our Basic Baroque we settled on making their Impetus factor one higher, but reduced the VBU by one.  
As a result our H&M-CP fight at VBU = 4, Impetus = 3.  The unit can fire as muskets, if it remains stationary, but with a -3 musket modifier.

King's Lifeguard of Horse 1642

Composed initially of wealthy individuals there is a good chance that many members of this regiment wore full armour, certainly in 1642 at
any rate.  They were often referred to disparagingly as 'The Troop of Shewe'.  The King's Lifeguard maintained a good reputation
however, and a healthy size throughout the war.

There are at least three different cornets of the King's Lifeguard of horse that I've come across, plus the swallow-tailed guidon of the
Gentleman Pensioners.  I decided therefore to give each base a cornet.  This makes them stand out on the table as an Elite.

Innumerable head swaps, and four different colours of armour.  

The right hand base consists of the troop of Gentleman Pensioners which were at Edgehill.  These carried poleaxes as signifiers of rank.  
I added some spare polearms to create this interesting troop.


A fantastic resource for the English Civil Wars has recently appeared on t'internet in the form of the British
Civil Wars, Commonwealth and Protectorate website.   

This is a fabulous project which has all sorts of interesting stuff on it relating to the period.  
In particular the
BCW Project Regimental Wiki which has masses of information on various regiment's service
records, name changes and key personnel.

All figures Peter Pig (unless specified), owned and painted by yours truly
who also  took all the photographs.  

All flags (unless specified) by
Wargames Designs.

Don't forget, I offer a (UK only)
15mm painting service
with very reasonable rates.

Read some of our Basic Baroque game reports

Three Games In One Day

Foot Fest

A Brutal Affair